Periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease that affects the soft and hard structures that support the teeth. In its early stage, called gingivitis, the gums become swollen and red due to inflammation, which is the body’s natural response to the presence of harmful bacteria. In the more serious form of periodontal disease called periodontitis, the gums pull away from the tooth and supporting gum tissues are destroyed. Bone can be lost, and the teeth may loosen or eventually fall out.
Chronic periodontitis, the most advanced form of the disease, progresses relatively slowly in most people and is typically more evident in adulthood. Although inflammation as a result of a bacterial infection is behind all forms of periodontal disease, a variety of factors can influence the severity of the disease. Important risk factors include inherited or genetic susceptibility, smoking, lack of adequate home care, age, diet, health history, and medications.
Periodonitis is a serious gum disease that, untreated, can not only lead to tooth loss, but also can cause bone loss in the jaw. It is stimated that half of Americans aged 30 or older have periodontitis. Periodontitis can be cured and controlled with regular cleaning and maintenance. Dr. Maria Cielo Adjemian can treat most of the perio cases or referred to a specialist the complicated cases.